Thursday, April 26, 2018

EN -- Manlio Dinucci -- The Art of War -- Seventy years of servility to the US and NATO


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The Art of War 
Seventy years of servility to the US and NATO 

Manlio Dinucci 

Luigi Di Maio: «If anyone should think about disengaging Italy from the West and the NATO countries, who are our historical allies, they will always find me opposed to the idea. Italy, and especially the 5 Star Movement, has never said that it intends to separate from our historical allies».

This declaration by the Prime Ministerial candidate  (on La7 TV, 16 April) raises a basic question that goes beyond the current political debate. What is the assessment of Italy's seventy years of bonding with its "historical allies"?

In 1949, with the 5th De Gasperi Government (Christian Democracy - Pli - Psli - Pri), Italy became a NATO member under US command. Subsequently, in accordance with the secret agreements signed by De Gasperi in Washington in 1947, the deployment in Italy of US bases and forces began, with about 700 nuclear weapons.

For 40 years, in keeping with USA/NATO strategy, Italy was in the front line confronting the USSR and the Warsaw Pact. In case of war, Italy could be sacrificed  (the US also kept atomic demolition mines ready on our territory).

The end of the Cold War, with the dissolution of the Warsaw Pact and the USSR in 1991, opened, for Italy, not a period of peace, but a continuous series of wars in the wake of its main "historical ally".

In 1991, with the 6th Andreotti Government (DC - Psi - Psdi - Pri - Pli), the Italian Republic participated in its first war under US command - the Gulf War - in violation of Article 11 of its Constitution, 

In 1999, with the D'Alema Government (Ulivo - Pdci - U-deur), Italy played a fundamental role, with its bases and its fighter bombers, in the NATO war against Yugoslavia.

In 2003, with the 2nd Berlusconi Government (Forza Italia - AN - LN - Ccd-Cdu), Italy began its participation (currently in its fifteenth year) in the US / NATO war in Afghanistan.

Also in 2003, with the same government, it participated in the invasion of Iraq by the US-led coalition.

In 2011, with the 4th Berlusconi Government (PdL, LN, MpA), Italy played an essential role in the NATO war against Libya, in which it participated with 7 air bases, fighter bombers and warships.

In 2014-2018, with the Renzi Government (Democratic Party, NCD, SC, UCD) and the Gentiloni Government (same coalition), Italy participated in the US/NATO escalation against Russia, by deploying troops in Latvia and jet fighters in Estonia.

At the same time, these and other governments ceded our national territory to the Pentagon, which uses Italy as its bridge and flight deck to launch military operations over a wide geographical area.

The US Naval Forces Europe-Africa Command in Naples-Capodichino, led by the same US admiral who commands the Allied Joint Force Command Naples in Lago Patria, covers half of the Atlantic Ocean, the seas bordering Europe and Russia, and almost the whole of Africa.

The US bases in Aviano, Vicenza, Camp Darby, Gaeta, Sigonella, and the MUOS ground station in Niscemi are used to carry out military operations in the Middle East, Africa and Eastern Europe.

Italy has direct ties to the US and to NATO, in which the US has maintained the leading position of Supreme Allied Commander Europe and all the other key commands since 1949. Italy is thus deprived of sovereign power in its own foreign policy.

The new nuclear bombs (B61-12) that the United States intend to deploy in Italy by 2020 will expose us to even greater risks. Luigi Di Maio signed the ICAN Parliamentary Pledge engaging Italy's observance of the UN Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, in other words removing US nuclear weapons from Italy. Will he keep the pledge or break it so as not to "disengage Italy" from its main "historical ally"? 


(Il Manifesto,  April 24, 2018)




NO WAR NO NATO


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